High-Protein Diets for Weight Loss: Are They Healthy?

High-Protein Diets for Weight Loss: Are They Healthy?

“High-protein diet”—burgers, steaks, chops, and some-more burgers, steaks, and chops. Right? Wrong. Few diets, even those like Atkins that execute themselves as a carnivore’s delight, image out some-more than about a quarter of their daily calories from protein. The sovereign perspective classifies diets as high-protein if a protein calm exceeds 35 percent.

But even a entertain is high. Most Americans get customarily about 15 percent of their calories from protein, says nutritionist Teresa Fung of Simmons College in Boston, a member of a U.S. News Best Diets expert panel. That’s roughly one 3-ounce burger a day. So studies of “high-protein” diets generally take aim during those during a “higher finish of a endorsed range” of 10 to 35 percent, says Kathie Beals, another panelist and an associate highbrow in a multiplication of nourishment during a University of Utah.

These higher-protein diets, as they should be called, are gaining recognition among those who wish to both dump pounds and build muscle. The protein in these skeleton typically comes from meat, nonetheless soy, peanuts, whey, and other plant-based protein mostly seem on a menu. Proponents contend such diets boost metabolism, compelling weight detriment while creation dieters feel full.

Are they healthful? The jury’s out. While a protein-heavy diet typically isn’t damaging over a few months, a long-term risks are reduction clear. These skeleton mostly shorten carbs so exceedingly that nutritive deficiencies could arise, according to a Mayo Clinic. And diets that inspire red beef and full-fat dairy, that are abounding in jam-packed fat, could lift a risk of heart disease. If we try such a diet, many experts advise adhering with fish, skinless chicken, gaunt beef, pork, and low-fat dairy products. And speak to your alloy if we have liver or kidney problems, given a high-protein diet could impact these organs.

The dual lists that follow quickly report 10 of a 25 diets ranked by U.S. News. The initial list is done adult of 7 diets that accommodate Beals’s definition, with protein during a high finish of a endorsed range. The second list comprises 3 diets with higher-than-recommended protein content. Both lists are systematic by U.S. News Best Weight-Loss Diets ranking.

On a high side:

U.S. News Weight-Loss Rank: #1. Weight Watchers. Protein about 26 percent. You can eat whatever we wish on this plan, so prolonged as we hang to your daily PointsPlus target, a series formed on your gender, weight, height, and age. Processed dishes customarily have a top points values, so you’re improved off adhering to gaunt beef like grilled duck rather than, say, bologna. Weight Watchers suggests low-fat, protein-rich dishes like brawny unfeeling soup, shrimp cocktail, and ham and turkey rolls.

Rank: #2. Biggest Loser Diet. Protein about 30 percent. This devise revolves around fruits, veggies, gaunt protein, and whole grains. You’ll have 3 servings of protein a day. A representation daily menu calls for a turkey burger and boiled or grilled shrimp, with turkey slices as a snack.

Rank: #6. Atkins Diet. Protein adult to 29 percent. This renouned low-carb devise goes complicated on protein and fat like chicken, meat, and eggs. A representation menu calls for salmon for breakfast, grilled duck for lunch, ham for dinner, and roasted turkey slices as a snack.

Rank: #9. Eco-Atkins Diet. Protein about 30 percent. This Atkins spinoff calls for 31 percent of daily calories to come from plant proteins, with a concentration on beans—white, black, pinto, or garbanzo. If beans aren’t your thing, other options embody nuts, high-protein vegetables like Brussels sprouts, and grains like couscous and pearl barley. Just 1 unit of almonds provides 6 grams of protein, that is some-more than 10 percent of a 150-pound person’s daily protein needs. A tiny apportionment of baked broccoli—half a cup—offers 2 grams.

Rank: #12. South Beach Diet. Protein about 30 percent. South Beach is reduce in carbohydrates and aloft in protein and healthy fats than a standard American diet. You’ll bucket adult on veggies, fish, eggs, low-fat dairy, gaunt protein like duck and turkey, whole grains, and nuts. In further to 3 dishes and dual snacks a day, we get one high-protein dessert, such as maple-almond flan or cocoa-nut mousse. A representation daily menu calls for a cheddar-cheese omelet, smoked salmon for a snack, provencal white bean soup, baba ghannouj with veggie dippers, and skillet pig chops with sautéed Swiss chard.

Rank: #21 (tie). Abs Diet. Protein about 28 percent. With each dish and break this devise includes protein, that fills we adult for longer than carbs, spurs gaunt flesh growth, and hastens fat burn, according to a diet’s creators. You’ll eat lots of protein-packed dishes like almonds, beans, eggs, peanut butter, and whey. On any given day, we could have a banana separate smoothie with whey powder for breakfast, almonds and fry beef slices as snacks, a prohibited tuna sandwich for lunch, and chili criminal turkey for dinner.

Rank: #21 (tie). Zone Diet. Protein about 29 percent. Zone creator Barry Sears requires that each dish and break enclose 40 percent carbs, 30 percent protein, and 30 percent healthy fat. Your cooking image should have a low-fat protein in one section—no some-more than can fit in a palm of your hand, that for many women equates to 3 ounces; 4 ounces for men. Optimal protein choices embody skinless chicken, turkey, fish, egg whites, low-fat dairy, tofu, and soy beef substitutes.

Over a top:

U.S. News Weight Loss Rank: #18. Medifast. Protein: about 40 percent. Medifast is low-calorie—typically 800 to 1,000 for adults—but really high-protein. You’ll addition Medifast products (a shake, bar, or oatmeal, for example) with one daily meat-and veggies entrée. A representation daily menu calls for Medifast scrambled eggs, duck noodle soup, and grilled duck breast kabobs. As with many high-protein plans, carbs are restricted, entrance in during about 40 percent of daily calories. (The supervision recommends 45 to 65 percent.)

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Rank: #25 (tie). Dukan Diet. Protein: adult to 46 percent. Protein reigns autarchic on this plan, that all though squeezes out fats and carbs. Dukan starts with an all-you-can-eat, pristine protein phase, and gradually adds in name vegetables and dishes like cheese and bread. You’ll get lots of gaunt beef, veal, pork, and venison, as good as organ beef like liver and tongue. Fish, shellfish, ham, turkey, and duck are also go-to menu items. Recipes in a Dukan Diet ($26, Crown Archetype, 2011) operation from grilled beef to tandoori duck cutlets.

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Rank: #25 (tie). Paleo Diet. Protein: about 38 percent. This high-protein devise is carnivore-approved: You contingency sup like a caveman, loading adult on meat, fish, poultry, fruits, and veggies. (Refined sugar, dairy, legumes, and grains are off-limits.) That competence meant 12 ounces of Atlantic salmon for breakfast, shrimp salad for lunch, pig chops and almonds as a snack, and lamb patties for dinner. Experts advise that shunning dairy and grains could shortchange pivotal nutrients. And constantly opting for red beef could travel your heart risk.

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